不懂这些怎敢自称外贸人 Essential Knowledge for Foreign Traders
Do you know all knowledge of foreign trade as the one that are engaging in foreign trade? Do you know the following common sense?
主提单，一票货只有一份 Only one master B/L for each shipment
Do you know LCL( Less Container Load)? If LCL is required by customers, how do you deal with that? Generally, we will ask for house B/L from freight forwarding which only shows our products. Taking it as evidence, we could push customers for balance. But do you know? The shipping company only issues one B/L(master B/L) for products in one cargo but the house B/L is issued by the forwarder so it is called the House B/L. After getting the house B/L, consignee changes B/L(change to ocean B/L or master B/L) at appointed forwarder in destination port and pick up the goods. In the case of appointed forwarder, if the forwarder colludes with consignee at destination port, consignee can have customs clearance and pick up goods without B/L, and that is what we usually call “receive goods without original B/L”. Thus, if you get a LCL order with appointed freight forwarder by customers, assessing risk clearly is necessary.
产地证上的日期秘密 Secret of date on CO
There are four kinds of date on CO: shipment date, invoice date, application date, date of issue. Take CO as an example, they are respectively in the third column, the tenth column, the eleventh column and the twelfth column. Shipment date generally is the shipped on board date on B/L; invoice date is the date on CI; application date is the date when you make this certification while date of issue is the date when the institution issued the CO. It should be noted that the date of issue cannot be earlier than invoice date and application date but should be earlier than the shipment date; and the application date cannot be earlier than invoice date and the difference between them is no more than 7 working days. That is: Invoice date ≤ application date ≤ date of issue ≤ shipment date ≤ 7 days(working days)
商会认证文件 Chamber of commerce certification documents
It is also known as the international business certificate, which sealed by China Council for the Promotion of International Trade . There are two categories of this certification: one is instrument or document with legal significance to prove relevance of international commercial activities, the two is the fact to prove relevance of international commercial activities. Generally speaking, the certified commercial invoice is more commonly used. It is provided to custom of importing country for determining country of origin so as to determine the tax rate that should be levied; and some countries impose restrictions on importing goods from some certain countries or regions, so CO is required to prove the source. Generally, products exported to Saudi Arabia, Kuwait are required certified commercial invoice. To deal with certified invoice, you need to contact the local trade department, taking all related documents and supporting materials.
政府部门之间 Government sector
In foreign trade, there are four sectors you must know because goods can be exported smoothly through them. They are:
Inspection:China Inspection and Quarantine Bureau: products should be inspected by them before delivery and provide quality certification.
Customs clearance: the Custom: after inspection, declare for export and then delivery goods.
Verification and cancellation: State Administration of Foreign Exchange: report to SAFE after receiving payment.
Tax rebate: State Administration of Taxation: declare after exporting so as to get privileges like tax rebate.
Now do you know the above common sense? If not, collect it. Actually there are more foreign trade knowledge but I just share the above with you. If want to know more, you are welcomed to tell me.